This will likely be subject to periodic updates as I remove any errors and find new information. I’ll be referring to a lot of links on the subjects mentioned to minimize space taken up, and provide further reading or viewing. Because of that, I ask those who read this to not be satisfied with what they read here, and to investigate further. Provide one alternative rebuttal to a section of the original article, the entire article, or another article by similar sources. If you can see something where you think I am in error, try to demonstrate it. I may not be able to get around to all of them, but I will address the most common ones. Due to the length, I had decided to post this as the long version, with smaller sections covering paragraphs and related segments.
Parts of the commentary are in bold, my responses are plain, and usually indicated by this
- Most of the commentary will be found following.
Definitions are a good first step to do when doing a counter argument, especially one that deals with science. These are as I’ll be using them, so if you see them in the original article, they may not be applicable. Still working on finding the best definitions, so if this is published before the definitions are completed, they will be updated.
- An objectively verifiable statement regarding the nature of reality
- edit: An objectively accurate and verifiable statement regarding the nature of reality
– Simple: descent with slight modification on the genetic level
– Slightly more in-depth
- The change in the genetic properties of populations of organisms
- The changes in the proportion of different alleles within a population
Mechanisms of Evolution
It should be noted that these are just some of the mechanisms I was able to find. If anybody is able to refer to another mechanism, feel free to let me know in the comments section.
- Mutation: A permanent, heritable, change in the nucleotide sequence in a gene or a chromosome. According to an article available through the National Center for Biotechnology Information, amongst Homo sapiens, the rate of mutations is about 100 per zygote. So from the moment of conception, you have about 100 changes in the nucleotide sequences of your genes or chromosomes.
- Natural Selection: process by which organisms possessing certain genotypic characteristics that make them better adjusted to an environment tend to survive, reproduce, increase in number or frequency, therefore, are able to transmit and perpetuate their essential genotypic qualities to succeeding generations.
- Genetic Isolation: Lack of interbreeding or genetic mixing between populations of the same species.
- Sexual Selection: form of natural selection, in which members of one species are attracted by certain characteristics of the opposite gender. A video detailing experiments done to study this form of selection and a video describing sexual selection.
- Genetic Drift: Process of change in the genetic composition of a population due to the chance or random events rather than natural selection, resulting in changes in the allele frequency over time.
- Speciation: The process in which new, genetically distinct species evolve, such as the result of genetic isolation from the main population.
- Basic Outline of some of the mechanisms
– The method of organizing organisms based on their traits. Usually divided into Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species. You will encounter other strata in Taxonomy, but these are the basic ones.
– One of the theories on how life originated. This is worth reading on the subject.
– Branch of biology that deals with phylogenesis
- The evolutionary development and diversification of a species or group of organisms, of a particular feature of an organism.
– structures of organisms that appear to have lost all of, or most of their original function through evolution. A few examples and some of the history of.
– From (29+ evidences for Macroevolution found on Talkorigins.org), an Atavism “is the reappearance of a lost character specific to a remote evolutionary ancestor and not observed in the parents or recent ancestors of the organism displaying the atavistic character. Atavisms have several essential features:
- presence in adult stages of life
- absence in parents or recent ancestors
- extreme rarity in a population
– individual cells or organs that detect light
– cold-blooded, the body temperature is more dependent on the environment than any method of regulation
– warm-blooded, the body temperature is able to maintain a temperature through homeostasis
– a segment of DNA that is responsible for the physical and inheritable characteristics or phenotype of an organism.
– basic building block of nucleic acids, such as DNA and RNA. Composed of a nitrogenous base, a sugar, and a phosphate group.
– Short for Deoxyribonucleic acid. Additional details.
– Short for ribonucleic acid.
The article that this is in response to
Entire article when posted